The Terracotta Army (Chinese: 兵马俑; literally: “Soldier-and-horse funerary statues”) is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210–209 BCE and whose purpose was to protect the emperor in his afterlife.
The figures, dating from approximately the late third century BCE, were discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Lintong District, Xi’an, Shaanxi province. The figures vary in height according to their roles, with the tallest being the generals. The figures include warriors, chariots and horses. Estimates from 2007 were that the three pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits nearby Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum. Other terracotta non-military figures were found in other pits, including officials, acrobats, strongmen and musicians.
- Extra: There may be more details in Wikipedia
- Address: Lintong, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China
- Province: Shaanxi
- Phone: +86 29 8139 9001
UNESCO World Heritage Site
- inscription: 1987
- Go to website
- Darryl Deleau: Very amazing site to see. It wasn’t until I got home and started to closely look at my pictures when I truly appreciated the work that must of gone into everything. Like all the spots in China, this was a very clean place to visit.
- Madison Eror Selfaison: This has been on my list for years. Seeing photos is nothing like seeing it in person! Highly recommend if you are in the area. As you walk in, many tour guide companies will say you can’t go in without a guide. They are lying. You don’t need one to get in. But if you aren’t going to hire one before you go in, I suggest reading up on it beforehand so you know what everything is about!