Paleozoological Museum of China

The Chinese Museum of Paleozoology is the only natural science museum in China established by the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

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The basic display of the China Paleozoology Museum consists of four parts: Dinosaur World (electronic and mechanical simulation), Ancient Fish Museum, Ancient Reptile Museum, and Mammal Museum. Its evolution history shows the ancient vertebrate fossils preserved in marine and continental strata deposited in various periods in China and the research results in this field. From fish-shaped primitive agnathians to bony fishes and cartilages, from amphibians to reptiles, from the unprecedentedly prosperous kingdom of dinosaurs to mammals beginning to rule the world, until the evolution of ancient apes into Homo sapiens, all kinds of fossils appear in turn, clearly outlines the developmental context of vertebrates.

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Vertebrate Paleontology Hall
The first revolution in the evolution of vertebrates was the appearance of the spine. Thanks to the support of the spine, animals are stronger, more flexible, and more adaptable, laying the foundation for hundreds of millions of years of evolution. The Museum of Vertebrate Paleontology exhibits various types of vertebrate fossils collected by several generations of Chinese scientists engaged in the study of vertebrate paleontology for more than half a century.

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Ancient Bird Exhibition Area
China has become the country with the largest number of early bird fossils and is the center of research on the origin and evolution of early birds in the world. Various bird fossils from various geological periods are exhibited in the ancient bird exhibition area, including the earliest known bird with a beak in the world, the most famous fossil bird except Archaeopteryx – Confucius bird, and other famous ancient bird fossils.

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Ancient Fish Exhibition Area
In the exhibition area of ancient fish fossils, visitors can see fish fossils from various geological periods and stages of evolution, including armored agnathians, primitive placoderms, and higher fish fossils. Latimer, known as a living fossil, is also exhibited in this museum, which is the most complete preserved Latimer in China.
Two major revolutions in the evolution of vertebrates: the appearance of jaws and the occurrence of landing. The organisms in the Paleozoic Ocean developed two major branches, one adapted to life in water, and finally evolved into various fishes today; the other left the water and became today’s tetrapods (including amphibians, reptiles), birds and mammals).

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Ancient Amphibians Exhibition Area
About 360 million years ago, the earth’s crust changed, the sea and land changed, and the general fin fish first climbed onto the land. They learned to breathe with lungs, their fins became strong limbs, and they were renamed “amphibious”, completing a major leap for vertebrates to land from water.
The amphibian exhibition area exhibits amphibian fossils discovered in China from more than 200 million years ago (Permian) to more than 10 million years ago (Cenozoic Miocene). Because amphibians have more cartilage, and mostly live in humid environments, the corpses decompose quickly after death, and it is difficult to preserve them as complete fossils. Therefore, the specimens displayed in this museum are treasures among amphibian fossils.

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Ancient Reptiles Exhibition Area
In the ancient reptile exhibition area, various types of reptile fossils are exhibited, including the largest freshwater turtle fossil found in China-Nanxiong turtle, ancient crocodile fossils, marine reptiles called Mesozoic sea monsters, and Mesozoic sea turtles. Overlord of the sky – pterosaurs, overlord of the Mesozoic Era – dinosaurs, ancestors of mammals – mammalian reptiles.

Prehistoric paleontological fossils and Paleolithic specimens and models of various categories produced from the Cambrian period more than 500 million years ago to 10,000 years ago, including jawless and jawed fish, amphibians, reptiles Animals, birds, mammals, ancient human fossils and Paleolithic tools, etc., comprehensively display the natural remains of prehistoric animals and ancient humans and the magnificent process of life evolution.

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