The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and sand, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built. The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in AD 72, and was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian (81–96). These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was named in Latin for its association with their family name (Flavius).
The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, having an average audience of some 65,000; it was used forgladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles (for only a short time as the hypogeum was soon filled in with mechanisms to support the other activities), animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, afortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine.
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- Address: Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184 Roma, Italy
- Construction started: 70 AD
- Area: 2 ha
- Height: 48 m
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- Adrián Allende: Of course you should go. There are many choices, with or without guide, but even from outside is a very nice walk. Download all apps you can before, then you will enjoy better the view and the feeling of such an important place. It is important to have a mental image of the ancient status of the building. Check how much time Romans expend to make it.
- David Winkworth: The place speaks for itself! It’s an incredible structure. I would recommend paying to go in, it’s about €12 for a ticket Inc. the forum, well worth it if you have any interest in ancient Rome, or even if you don’t! We went around 9am on Monday morning and didn’t have to queue at all.