The 5 Famous Volcanoes in the World- gates to the Earth’s Interior

Large eruptions at Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai on both 14 and 15 January produced plumes that reached the stratosphere and caused significant regional effects. Volcanoes, as one of the most fearful formations on Earth. They can be stunningly beautiful, but they can also bring unimaginable destruction. These giants of fire are the connection between the Earth’s surface and the deep hot interior of our planet. There are thousands of volcanoes that we know, but some of them are particularly famous and significant. Let’s get into geography, and make a journey to the 5 famous volcanoes in the world.

Fuji, Japan- the most iconic volcano

Japan’s Mt. Fuji is an active volcano about 100 kilometers southwest of Tokyo. Commonly called “Fuji-san”. If you’ve seen more traditional Japanese photos, you’ve definitely seen Fuji in some of them. No other volcano in the world has been depicted as traditionally as Fuji. It has become an important symbol of Japanese culture and Japan as a whole. As a result, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Vesuvius, Italy- the most dangerous volcano in the world

Vesuvius probably originated somewhat less than 200,000 years ago. Although a relatively young active volcano, Vesuvius had been dormant for centuries before the great eruption of 79 CE that buried the cities of Pompeii, Oplontis, and Stabiae under ashes and lapilli and the city of Herculaneum under a mudflow. That’s why “the most dangerous”.

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Krakatoa, Indonesia- the volcano with the loudest eruption

Krakatoa is known as one of the deadliest volcanoes during the whole human history. This is what makes it one of the most famous volcanoes in the world- the eruption in 1883. It was not just an ordinary eruption, but it was a series of explosions. The strongest of them was 4 times stronger than Tsar Bomba, the strongest nuclear weapon ever created by humans.

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Mayon, Philippines- the most beautiful volcano in the world

Why is it called “the most beautiful volcano in the world”? Because no other volcano fits the “volcano image” so well, as it is the most perfect cone on Earth. However, its beauty doesn’t mean it’s not deadly. It is the most active volcano in the Philippines, erupting every few years, and even in between, you can see the smoke rising from the crater almost constantly.

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Kilauea, Hawaii, USA- the constantly erupting volcano

Kīlauea ranks among the world’s most active volcanoes and may even top the list. Since 1952, Kīlauea has erupted dozens of times. From 1983 to 2018 eruptive activity was nearly continuous along the volcano’s East Rift Zone. At the summit, a vent within Halema‘uma‘u hosted an active lava pond and vigorous gas plume from 2008 to 2018. In 2018, the decades-long continuous activity on the East Rift Zone ended, and the summit lava lake drained following an intrusion into, an eruption from, Kīlauea’s lower East Rift Zone. A summit eruption from December 2020 to May 2021 created a lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater. A summit eruption that began within Halema‘uma‘u crater on September 29, 2021, is ongoing.

The 5 Famous Volcanoes in the World gates to the Earth’s Interior


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